Current situation and development direction of pac

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The current situation and development direction of China's packaging machinery industry

I. overview of packaging machinery

packaging machinery is a major product of the packaging industry and plays a decisive role in the packaging industry. It provides the industry with necessary technical equipment to complete the required product packaging process. Although the output value of packaging machinery accounts for less than that of packaging materials in the whole packaging industry, which is not a regular and consumable, it is an indispensable support for the modernization of the packaging industry. It provides advanced technical equipment for the packaging industry to ensure that the packaging products are of high quality, high production efficiency, many varieties, good production environment, low production cost and little environmental pollution. Therefore, it has strong market competitiveness and brings huge social and economic benefits. Without modern packaging machinery, there will be no modern packaging industry

the packaging machinery used to complete the packaging process can be divided into 11 categories, including filling machinery and filling. Note that the four anchor screws cannot have any loosening machinery, sealing machinery, wrapping machinery, multi-functional packaging machinery, labeling machinery, cleaning machinery, drying machinery, sterilization machinery, binding machinery and container machinery, auxiliary packaging machinery and equipment, etc

in fact, it is not an easy thing

the packaging machinery used to process packaging materials and containers can be divided into seven categories, including corrugated board processing machinery, carton processing machinery, composite material processing machinery, bag making machinery, plastic hollow container processing machinery, metal container processing machinery, glass container processing machinery, etc. This kind of equipment includes machinery and equipment for manufacturing synthetic packaging materials, printing and container forming, and its output value is often higher than that of the previous type of packaging machinery. In the United States, it has become an independent industry, called conversion machinery, which means the machine that converts raw materials into packaging containers through processing, printing, molding, etc. Most of these equipment are complete sets of production lines, which have high production efficiency, are closely related to process and raw materials, and have large investment, but have good benefits

as a professional machine, in addition to the general requirements of ordinary machines, packaging machinery also has the requirements of beautiful appearance, compact transmission device, stable operation, high precision and high production efficiency, so as to complete its own functions and meet the market demand

II. Overview of foreign packaging machinery industry

the United States, Japan, Germany and Italy are the four major packaging machinery powers in the world

the United States is a country with a long history of packaging machinery development in the world. It has already formed an independent and complete packaging machinery industry system, and its variety and output rank first in the world. For more than 10 years, the United States has always maintained its position as the world's largest producer and consumer of packaging machinery. Its products are mainly high, large, fine and advanced products. Machinery and computer are closely combined to realize electromechanical integrated control. Among new mechanical products, molding, filling and sealing machines have the fastest growth. Wrapping machines and film packaging machines account for 15% of the total market share, and thick carton sealing and packaging machines rank second in the market share. Since the early 1990s, the packaging machinery industry in the United States has maintained a good momentum of development

the domestic packaging machinery market in the United States is second to none in the world. All kinds of packaging machinery are mainly sold domestically. In 1998, the domestic consumption of packaging machinery in the United States accounted for 82% and the export only accounted for 18% of the output value, but the export volume is large. Most of the packaging machinery manufacturers in the United States are attached to large packaging material factories, and their sales are also completely dependent on the parent company. After Canada, Mexico, Japan, Britain and Germany, China has become the sixth export market of American packaging machinery

compared with the United States and Germany, Japan started late. Before the 1960s, there were less than 60 packaging machinery manufacturers, which could only package candy, cigarettes, etc. The s was the initial stage of Japan's packaging machinery industry, and the output value increased rapidly. From the 1970s to 1980s, although the growth rate was not as high as that of the previous stage, the annual growth rate was still 13%. The s saw steady growth in stages. Microelectronics technology was successfully applied to the control of packaging machinery. Later, optical fiber technology, industrial robot technology and modular technology were applied to packaging machinery, reaching the level of high safety, unmanned operation and high productivity, which greatly improved its international market competitiveness. Therefore, from the 1960s to the early 1990s, Japan's packaging machinery industry has experienced rapid growth for more than 30 years, and has experienced the process of introduction digestion development

Japanese packaging machinery manufacturers are mainly small and medium-sized enterprises, with nearly 500 varieties of packaging machinery products and more than 700 specifications. They are mainly small and medium-sized single machines, which have the advantages of small volume, high precision, easy installation, convenient operation and high degree of automation. Since the 1990s, technologies such as frequency conversion adjustment, photoelectric tracking, contactless electronic switch and dynamic data display have been applied to packaging machinery. A large part of Japanese packaging machinery is used in the field of food packaging, and the output value of food packaging machinery accounts for more than half of the total output value of packaging machinery

Japan's main market for packaging machinery is its own country, with exports accounting for only 10% of the total value. Asia is the main export market of Japanese packaging machinery. Since the 1990s, Japan's exports to China have increased significantly year by year. Since 1995, China has replaced the United States as the largest exporter of Japanese packaging machinery

Germany, Italy, Britain, Switzerland and France are all important countries producing packaging machinery in the world. A common feature of the packaging machinery industry in European countries is that the proportion of exports (the proportion of exports to output value) is very large, such as Germany and Italy, nearly 80%, Switzerland, more than 90%, and the Netherlands, whose exports are even greater than the output value, because the Netherlands is a very important trade entrepot in Europe

German packaging machinery is in a leading position in measurement, manufacturing and technical performance, especially beer and beverage filling equipment, which is characterized by high speed, complete set, high degree of automation and good reliability. The packaging machinery produced by some large companies integrates machine, electric instrument and microcomputer control, adopts photoelectric induction, is controlled by cursor, and is equipped with anti-static devices. Its large-scale automatic packaging machine not only has a large packaging volume, but also can integrate bag making, weighing, filling, vacuum pumping, sealing and other processes on a single machine. The German packaging machinery industry has been growing steadily for many years, with exports accounting for about 80%. Germany is the largest exporter of packaging machinery in the world

Italy is a major producer of packaging machinery after the United States, Japan and Germany, and the second largest exporter of packaging machinery after Germany. Italian packaging machinery is mostly used in the food industry. It has the characteristics of excellent performance, elegant appearance and low price. The export proportion accounts for about 80%, and the United States is its largest export market. Since the 1990s, Italy's export volume of packaging machinery to China has increased rapidly. In 1995, China has jumped to the second place in Italy's export ranking

III. overview of China's packaging machinery industry

China's packaging machinery started late and was almost blank when new China was founded. Only a few factories or workshops produced some simple manual packaging machines and tools, or provided repair services for a few imported machines. Before the 1980s, the development was slow, and only a few low-level packaging machinery could be produced, mainly in tobacco processing, sugar making, salt making, wine making and other industries. Packaging machinery did not become an independent industry, and there was no packaging machinery in the product catalogue published by the state

Since the 1980s, due to the reform and opening up, China's economy has developed rapidly, and the social demand for packaging machinery has been increasing. Market demand, government attention, policy guidance and active support have led to the rapid development of China's packaging machinery, with an average annual growth rate of more than 30%. In the 1990s, it still grew at a rate of more than 20%. After years of development, China's packaging machinery has become one of the top ten industries in the machinery industry, and has made remarkable achievements in both output and variety, providing a guarantee for the rapid development of China's packaging industry. In 2001, the national output of packaging machinery reached 533000 sets, with an output value of 19.55 billion yuan, accounting for 8.2% of the total output value of the national packaging industry. China has become one of the world's largest countries in the production and consumption of packaging machinery

however, there are many problems in China's packaging machinery industry. One is the lack of macro-control. Due to the low starting point of packaging machinery enterprises, this is not only conducive to the improvement of the overall level of the industry, "congenitally deficient", but also cross sectoral. It is difficult to make overall planning and macro guidance. In terms of investment and development of new products, they often rush together, resulting in low-level repeated disorderly competition. The second is the lack of capital investment, which is also common in the machinery industry. It is difficult to attract a large amount of capital investment and carry out a large number of technological transformation. Due to the lack of funds, the investment of enterprises in research and development accounts for less than 1% of the average sales, and it is impossible to produce, develop and research one generation. Youzi has no technical reserves, and the introduction of technology and digestion and absorption are not effective, resulting in less new products and lack of competitiveness. Third, the lack of professional and technical personnel. Due to the low profit of the packaging machinery industry, it is difficult to attract excellent technical talents, resulting in uneven talent teams, weak ability to independently develop products and innovate, and even weak ability to digest and absorb similar foreign products, resulting in the consistent system of products for many years. These have restricted the development of the industry. At present, the export value of China's packaging machinery, which clamps one end of the sample in the upper jaw, is less than 5% of the total output value, but the import value is roughly equivalent to the total output value

Jiangsu packaging machinery is a major product of the packaging industry, and its output value accounts for less than 10% of the total output value of the packaging industry in the province, roughly the same as that of the whole country. It has the following characteristics: first, it started early. Jiangsu packaging machinery industry then started in the late 1970s. Second, the distribution is relatively concentrated. Jiangsu packaging machinery enterprises are concentrated in the economically developed Suzhou Wuxi Changzhou region. Packaging machinery enterprises along the Yangtze River are gradually increasing, while there are few in Huaibei region. Third, non-public sectors account for a significant proportion. With the deepening of reform and the expansion of opening up, the vast majority of packaging machinery enterprises in Jiangsu have become an individual non-public economy through restructuring. At the same time, Taiwan funded enterprises are also gradually increasing

however, Jiangsu packaging machinery industry has basically the same problems as China's packaging machinery industry, which are obviously manifested in the following aspects: first, there are not many enterprises with large production scale and high-grade products, many enterprises with small production scale and little difference, lack of leading enterprises, and second, there are few products with high technology content, characteristics and advantages, many products with similar grades, and lack of famous brand products

IV. thoughts on the development of China's packaging machinery industry

first, we should clarify the development direction of China's packaging machinery industry. It is estimated that the output of packaging machinery in China will increase to 670000 sets by 2005 and 930000 sets by 2010. However, it is not feasible to rely on simple repetition, expand the production quantity, and extend to the upstream and downstream. China's packaging machinery industry must take the road of professional production. We should develop medium and high-end equipment, strive to improve the technical content, refine, specialize and strengthen our products, and rely on technological progress to promote the development of the industry

at present, countries all over the world attach great importance to the development of packaging machinery, which integrates machinery, electricity, gas, light, biology and magnetism

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