The hottest robot's weakness needs to be supplemen

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Robot "short board" to be filled (attention · robot industry observation (Part 2))

original title: robot "short board" to be filled (attention · robot industry observation (Part 2))

the robot industry is at a key turning point in transformation and upgrading, and building a global ecological chain has become an industry consensus

at present, the robot industry is at the forefront of the reform of science and technology and industrial revolution, sensors, big data, IOT The comprehensive application of cutting-edge technologies such as new materials has led to the development of new manufacturing modes and intelligent economy

"robots have not only been used in manufacturing, but also entered all fields of human life. Traditional robots have gradually entered the era of low added value, and there is an urgent need to upgrade." Qu Daokui, President of Xinsong Robot Automation Co., Ltd., believes that the most important sign of the new generation of robots is that the indicators to measure their performance will change from the past equipment speed, accuracy, load and reliability to whether the robot has independent decision-making ability, motion and interaction ability

experts said that in the field of traditional industrial robots, there is a large gap between China and foreign advanced levels. In the future, we should speed up the intelligent layout, deeply integrate robots with big data, sensors, artificial intelligence, and strive to catch up with and surpass the development of a new generation of robots

According to Wen ZhongMeng, President of Erzhi robot, in the field of industrial robots, collaborative robots are considered to be the most realistic path for robots to achieve intelligence. They have great application potential in new retail, rehabilitation medicine, education and other emerging fields, and are also regarded by countries around the world as an important direction for the upgrading and development of robots in the future

"collaborative robots have only started in recent years, and are basically at the same level at home and abroad. This is like intelligence surpassing tradition. If industrial robots change a new 'play method', we will have the opportunity to change lanes and overtake." Wen ZhongMeng said that China is the largest application market for robots, which can provide enough application environments to detect and improve product performance, so as to transform market advantages into technical and industrial advantages

since robots involve many disciplines and industries, building robot development ecology has become a topic of concern in the industry. Experts believe that facing the challenges in the development of robots in the future, it is difficult to seize the strategic commanding height; 3. The resource utilization capacity is not high, and no country or industry can deal with it alone. Building a mutually beneficial and win-win global ecological chain has become the consensus of the robot industry

"the combination of robot and artificial intelligence must rely on industrial ecology." Liuqingfeng, chairman of iFLYTEK, said that there are few artificial financing channels, and the future development of intelligence needs greater openness and closer cooperation. For example, a single deep learning algorithm has been difficult to meet the application of artificial intelligence in the robot field. "Artificial intelligence + robot" requires close cooperation between entrepreneurs and scientists with professional knowledge

in the domestic market, only domestic robots (9). Ultrasonic flaw detection method gb/t3310- ⑴ 999 for copper alloy bars accounts for about 30%, and most of them are mainly assembly and alternative processing.

statistical data show that China's robot market has entered a period of rapid growth, in which the industrial robot market has become the world's largest application market for six consecutive years, accounting for about 1/3 of the global market

"in the past 10 years, the average growth rate of the global robot market was 12%, while the average growth rate of China was about 25%, maintaining the first place in the world for eight consecutive years." Wang Tianmiao, a professor at Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, said. He believes that with the adjustment of China's population structure and the rise of labor costs, China's demand for industrial robots will maintain a high growth, and is expected to account for half of the global robot market in the future

industry experts said that due to the lack of core technology in key parts such as precision reducers and control systems in China, the overall competitiveness of independent brand industrial robots in the international market is not high. In the domestic market, domestic robots account for only about 30%, and most of them are mainly assembly and processing, often at the middle and low end of the industry

"the upstream of the robot industry is the core component, which is equivalent to the 'brain'; the midstream is the robot body, which is the 'body' of the robot; the downstream is the system integrator. At present, most domestic enterprises are concentrated in this link." Qu Daokui said

Zhao Huacun, an engineer of Tianjin Institute of science, said that the technical gap in core parts in China is mainly reflected in the accuracy of processing and assembly, as well as the stability and consistency of products. The application of industrial robots involves a whole production line or workstation. The instability of robot products will increase the cost of users, thus reducing users' willingness to use

at the same time, low brand awareness and the lack of industry standards for specific application scenarios have also affected the development of the robot industry. Experts also said that the layout of China's robot industry has the problem of low-level repeated construction to a certain extent, there are more homogeneous competition among regions, and the development of specialization is weak

"to enhance the competitiveness of the robot industry, we need to accelerate the transformation from producers of medium and low-end products to developers of medium and high-end core technologies." Zhao Huacun suggested

according to Wang Tianmiao's analysis, as basic equipment, the improvement of robots in materials, processing, production technology, measurement and other aspects is a system engineering, which is the result of long-term pursuit of high quality and high performance, which requires industrial participants to have the spirit of craftsmanship and not be eager for quick success

the lack of production equipment for core parts is also one of the topics concerned by the industry. Taking precision reducers as an example, Huang Jianxiong, marketing director of Shenzhen Han's Precision Transmission Technology Co., Ltd., said that China has been able to produce precision reducers, but most of the processing equipment still needs to be imported from abroad

in view of the shortcomings of the development of the robot industry, experts suggest that the support for the robot industry should not only focus on the complete robot products, but also increase the R & D and industrialization support for the core parts of the robot and manufacturing and processing equipment

efforts should be made in the basic research and development of key core technologies, theoretical research, public service platform construction and talent training.

robot manufacturing is one of the symbols to measure a country's innovation ability and industrial competitiveness, and it is also an important entry point for the new round of global scientific, technological and industrial revolution. Considering the strategic value of robot technology and applications in future competition, Many developed countries have issued relevant plans in the field of robots

global technology giants also accelerated their entry into the robot field through investment and mergers and acquisitions, and quickly occupied the commanding heights in the field of intelligent robots with their technological and capital advantages. For example, the voice chat robot with intelligent interaction ability has become one of the key points of the layout of current science and technology leading enterprises

in April 2016, the Ministry of industry and information technology, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance jointly issued the robot industry development plan (2016-2020). According to the plan, China will form a relatively perfect robot industry system by 2020

Zhao Huacun said that at present, China's robot research and development and industrial development are gradually becoming rational. In this case, the robot industry market will face a process of survival of the fittest, and the advantages of a group of powerful technology enterprises with independent intellectual property rights will be more obvious. He also believes that China's robot industry policy is mainly concentrated in the field of industrial robots. From the perspective of industrial maturity and industrial development, we should also strengthen systematic top-level design, pay more attention to the front-end innovation of the robot industry, and cover the whole robot ecological industry chain with R & D innovative support policies

"in addition, the development of the robot industry should not be greedy for perfection. Some local governments or parks should pay attention to guidance, combine local industrial characteristics and market demand, and layout the robot industry in a targeted manner to realize the benign interaction between industrial development and market demand, rather than doing what is hot." Zhao Huacun said

Wen ZhongMeng suggested that at present, we should pay more attention to the technology itself, be market-oriented, and focus on the fields and technical directions representing the development trend of the industry

in the training of robot related talents, China still pays more attention to research and development than application. At present, the talent gap of robot application in China is about 200000, and it is growing at a rate of 20% - 30% every year. Experts pointed out that the previous training mechanism of simply relying on vocational colleges to transport application talents has been difficult to meet future needs, which requires the government, enterprises, educational institutions, third-party industry organizations to jointly promote the training and development of robot application talents

"the state should focus on the front and back ends, that is, work hard in the basic research and development of key core technologies, theoretical research, public service platform construction and talent training, and hand over the middle part to the market, so that the market plays a decisive role in resource allocation." Wang Tianmiao said. (editor in charge: renzhihui, Deng Nan)

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