The hottest biodiesel B5 standard is difficult to

2022-08-02
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Biodiesel B5 standard is difficult to solve the pain of growth

"there are no rules and no boundaries." The national standard for Biodiesel Blended Fuel (B5) (hereinafter referred to as "B5 standard") has finally come out, which has been in full swing for three years. Since gb/t 3098.7 (2) 000 self extrusion screws for mechanical properties of fasteners, biodiesel has truly entered the official status of product oil sales network

according to the investigation and interview, although B5 standard has been issued, the prospect of biodiesel application is not as beautiful as it seems, and there are still many difficulties and uncertainties

open the door

it is not easy to issue the B5 standard. It was put forward in 2007 when the biodiesel for diesel fuel blending (BD100) was just issued. It has been brewing for three years until now. The biofuel industry has been looking forward to the B5 standard for a long time

"as the B5 standard not only involves technology, raw materials, current situation and other conditions, but also takes into account the application and changes of diesel engines at home and abroad, as well as China's national conditions and other factors, the introduction of China's B5 standard is a result of balancing various factors." The drafter of this standard, linjianmin, senior engineer of Sinopec (8.28,0.00,0.00%), told

it is precisely because the B5 standard and other relevant standards have not been promulgated and implemented for a long time that it is difficult to carry out the mixing and use of biodiesel. In recent years, biodiesel production enterprises can not directly use the fair and bright sales channels such as gas stations, but can only sell their products to fuel brokers and downstream processing enterprises, or can only store them to find their own sales channels. Due to the lack of access to gas stations, biodiesel in China can only be used in chemical products, agricultural power machinery and other aspects, but has not been used in automobile engines. With the promulgation and implementation of B5 standard, biodiesel that has been away from the site for many years will obtain formal admission qualification and legal status, opening the door for domestic biodiesel to enter the refined oil market, and will have a positive impact on the promotion of biodiesel and the healthy development of the whole industry

in addition, biodiesel standard is a systematic project, which includes not only the quality standard of biodiesel, but also a series of standards such as product standards with different mixing ratios, raw material storage standards, biodiesel processing equipment specifications, etc. Only after the promulgation and implementation of B5 standard, can we consider formulating other more detailed standards such as B10 according to factors such as biodiesel production, market sales, automobile industry response, etc., and it is possible to realize the road map of China's biodiesel development - short-term utilization of waste oil, medium-term development of oil plants, long-term development of Engineering algae, etc. In this sense, the promulgation and implementation of B5 standard is of great significance

the role should not be exaggerated

at present, there are differences between relevant departments and the industry on whether the biodiesel industry chain is mature. Most consumers do not understand what biodiesel is. The promulgation and implementation of B5 standard has opened the door for biodiesel, but its significance may be limited to this. "The factor that determines whether biodiesel can enter the sales network of refined oil smoothly and to what extent is the wide acceptance and recognition of the large-scale production, production, sales and use of biodiesel, which will take a long time." Linjianmin said

Cangzhou Kecheng bioenergy CO., Ltd. is a biodiesel producer, but now it can only do the production and trade of other chemical products besides biodiesel to maintain the survival and development of the enterprise. Chenxiushan, general manager, told: "after the promulgation and implementation of B5 standard, the development of biodiesel is also very difficult. There are two reasons: on the one hand, we can not find a good source of raw materials, on the other hand, we can not find a good buyer."

recently, there has been a serious shortage of diesel fuel in Zhejiang. Long refueling teams can be seen everywhere in Zhejiang. Even under this background, no sales enterprise has considered adding some biodiesel. Duliezhou, manager of Sinopec Zhejiang oil products storage and transportation company, told: "there are not many biodiesel enterprises and there is little supply, so there is no plan to introduce biodiesel into the sales network of refined oil at present." In addition to the small output, the biodiesel produced by private enterprises is of uneven quality, which also makes gas stations not interested in them. "It is difficult for our oil to enter the gas station, which directly affects the expansion of our production capacity." Chenxiushan reluctantly said, "if we want to enter the product oil market, our biodiesel should be at least 500 yuan or more lower than petrochemical diesel per ton before anyone can buy it."

unlike private enterprises, state-owned enterprises such as Sinopec and PetroChina hold the vast majority of oil and gas resources and most gas stations in China. However, these giants seem to have little interest in biodiesel. This not only restricts biodiesel from entering regular gas stations, but also affects the implementation effect of B5 standard. Why are the major oil companies not interested in developing biodiesel? According to the analysis of yaodaming, Minister of oil products Department of Guangdong oil and gas chamber of Commerce, the annual output of biodiesel in China is only 200000 tons, which can not meet the basic market demand. Apart from this factor, the profit of biodiesel is already very low, which is difficult to arouse the interest of industry giants

ZhangYanlin, research director of CIC consulting, believes that polyaryletherketone (peak) is a polymer formed by the connection of a class of phenylene rings through ether bonds and carbonyls. Although the state has issued the B5 standard, the sustainable development of this industry still needs more support from the government, including the promotion and publicity measures of biodiesel, tax incentives, the unified recycling policy of gutter oil and the more perfect standard of the blended fuel quality system. Only in this way can we gradually cultivate and enrich the biodiesel industry chain, promote the formation of a good investment atmosphere and promote the benign development of the whole industry

need policy support

"biomass energy and other emerging industries are particularly dependent on the long-term strong support of the government, which can be proved from the support and development of governments." Lijingming, director of the Department of energy and ecological construction of the Ministry of agriculture, told me

biodiesel and other green emerging industries are unfamiliar to many people, with large initial investment and relatively high production costs. When these emerging industries are just emerging, the preferential policies must be long-term and powerful to prepare the best lightweight solutions for potential customers in freight, logistics, urban environmental protection and other industries to deal with energy conservation and emission reduction, otherwise it will easily evolve into a short-term behavior of enterprises. From the experience of developing biodiesel, many countries such as the United States, Germany, France, Denmark, Italy, Ireland and Spain have adopted corresponding supporting policies to encourage the production and use of biodiesel. The United States provides subsidies of 0.5-1 US dollars per gallon to biodiesel sellers, and at least five states are considering formulating tax incentives; German farmers can get 1000 mark/hectare subsidy for planting rapeseed with biodiesel as raw material, and tax exemption for manufacturing biodiesel. However, up to now, China has not issued any specific preferential measures specifically for the biodiesel industry chain

in the interview, we also learned that the development of biodiesel industry is at a low tide, and some biodiesel enterprises who intend to continue to invest or expand are waiting and watching. They all expect the government to provide more extensive and in-depth support in financial subsidies or tax incentives to support industrial development

in view of the current embarrassing situation of biodiesel, Lin Jianmin believes that the development of biodiesel, as a national strategic measure, is highly policy oriented, difficult and closely related to market development, involving raw material supply, production, mixing, storage, transportation and circulation, as well as the formulation of relevant supporting policies, quality standards and regulations. It is better to implement corresponding subsidy and preferential policies for producers, sellers, users and other parties, and strengthen social publicity and guidance. Only with the joint promotion of all social parties can the biodiesel industry really develop

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